DementiaRoadmap Wales

Promoting living well with dementia across Wales

Understanding dementia

The word dementia describes a set of symptoms that may include memory loss and difficulties with thinking, problem-solving or language.

Dementia is caused when the brain is damaged by diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease or a series of strokes or can be associated with other conditions such as Parkinson’s disease or Down’s syndrome.

Dementia is progressive, which means the symptoms will gradually get worse. Viewing dementia as a series of stages can be a useful way to understand the progression of the condition, while appreciating that each individual will experience dementia in a different way and the different dementia subtypes will have different symptoms.

The terms mild, moderate and severe are most often applied to Alzheimer’s disease although all subtypes can be defined as early or severe.

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  • Dementia: Reduce your risk in 6 stepsApril 23 2018This document outlines 6 steps that people can take to improve both physical and mental health and significantly reduce the risk of developing dementia.
  • Grief, loss and bereavementFebruary 22 2016This factsheet published by the Alzheimers Society looks at some of the feelings carers may experience in caring for someone living with dementia and suggests ways to cope. It also looks at supporting a person with dementia to cope with grief and bereavement.
  • Women and Dementia: A global research overviewJune 5 2015This report published by Alzheimer’s Disease International explores the main issues affecting women in relation to dementia from an international perspective.
  • Dementia DiariesJune 4 2015Dementia Diaries is a national project that brings together people’s diverse experiences of living with dementia as a series of audio diaries.
  • Information about Lewy Body DementiaApril 27 2015This handbook published by the Lewy Body Society aims to help people with Lewy body dementia (LBD), their families and health care professionals learn more about the disease and find ways and resources to help them cope with it.
  • Improving Dementia Education and Awareness (IDEA)October 13 2013This online resource managed by the University of Nottingham is aimed at improving the care and quality of life for people with dementia.
  • Dementia awareness resource packApril 10 2011This pack contains a selection of quality assured awareness raising resources designed to promote living well with dementia. The resources include leaflets, factsheets, contact lists and a DVD.
  • What is dementia?April 2 2014This resource will help practitioners to understand that dementia is more than just difficulties with memory. Dementia is not a single disease but a term used to describe a group of symptoms.
  • Award in Understanding DementiaMarch 18 2015The Alzheimer's Society and the Royal Society for Public Health have joined forces to create a new qualification to help people understand more about dementia.
  • How common is dementia?April 6 2014According to the Alzheimer's Society there are around 800,000 people in the UK with dementia. One in three people over 65 will develop dementia, and two-thirds of people with dementia are women.
  • What is dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB)?June 7 2013This Alzheimer's Society factsheet outlines the causes, symptoms and treatments available for Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB).
  • Drugs used to relieve behavioural and psychological symptoms in dementiaJanuary 20 2012This factsheet produced by the Alzheimer’s Society explores the different types of drugs that can be used to treat these symptoms if non-pharmalogical treatments have not worked.
  • Frontotemporal dementiaAugust 6 2013This article published in the British Medical Journal highlights some of the issues pertinent to Frontotemporal dementia, a clinically and pathologically heterogeneous group of non-Alzheimer dementias characterised collectively by relatively selective, progressive atrophy involving the frontal or temporal lobes, or both.
  • Are you worried about Dementia?April 7 2014This leaflet produced by the Lewy Body Society explains the main symptoms and causes of dementia. It also outlines the distinct symptoms associated with Lewy body dementia.
  • Dementia e-learning sessionsAugust 26 2013An interactive e-learning resource to support the training of all health and social care staff in recognising, assessing, and managing dementia, and providing high quality dementia care.
  • Services for younger people with Alzheimer’s disease and other dementiasMarch 18 2006This briefing paper jointly published by the Royal College of Psychiatrists and the Alzheimer's Society provides guidance on the services for younger people with Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias.
  • The Sound Doctor: Getting the best out of life with dementiaMarch 23 2015The Sound Doctor is a website full of films developed to help individuals, their relatives and carers to better understand the condition so that they can all take control and get the most out of life.
  • Dementia and aggressive behaviourMay 20 2013This factsheet produced by the Alzheimer's Society aims to aid understanding about what may cause this type of behaviour and offers some ways to deal with it.
  • What is Alzheimer’s disease?March 7 2012Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia, affecting around 496,000 people in the UK. This Alzheimer's Society factsheet outlines the symptoms and risk factors for Alzheimer's disease, and describes what treatments are currently available.
  • Blackfriars Consensus on promoting brain healthMay 3 2014The Blackfriars Consensus, published by the UK Health Forum and Public Health England, explores the potential for incorporation of dementia risk reduction into current approaches for non-communicable diseases.
  • Unusual behaviourNovember 29 2010This factsheet produced by the Alzheimer’s Society outlines some typical sorts of unusual behaviour in people with dementia and explains some common causes.
  • Younger people with dementiaMay 19 2015This factsheet published by the Alzheimer's Society explores at the types of dementia that younger people under 65 years of age may have, some of the difficulties that they might experience and where support can be found.
  • Moving and walking aboutJune 20 2012This Alzheimer's Society factsheet explains some of the reasons why a person with dementia may walk about and looks at what you can do to help.
  • Ten tips for communicating with a person with dementiaSeptember 8 2012These top tips produced by the Family Caregiver Alliance will help practitioners and those caring for a person with dementia to improve communication skills and ability to handle the difficult behaviour.
  • Women’s experiences of dementiaJune 1 2015The 'Women's experiences of dementia' website contains a wealth of stories which highlight the experiences of women affected by dementia.
  • What causes dementia?April 6 2014Dementia is the result of brain cells being damaged in an ongoing way. This happens as a result of a number of different diseases (sometimes referred to as ‘types’ of dementia). It is not an inevitable part of ageing.
  • Delivering major improvements in dementia care and research by 2015: A report of progressNovember 8 2012This report by the three Champion Groups leading the Prime Minister's challenge on dementia provides an update on progress since the launch of the Challenge in March 2012.
  • Understanding and respecting the person with dementiaNovember 29 2010This factsheet produced by the Alzheimer’s Society explores ways that carers can help people living with dementia to feel valued and good about themselves.
  • Dementia UKFebruary 3 2007This report into the prevalence and cost of dementia shows that as the UK's population ages the number of people with dementia will grow substantially. It also shows that dementia costs the UK £17 billion a year.
  • What is vascular dementia?December 7 2011Vascular dementia is the second most common form of dementia after Alzheimer's disease. This Alzheimer's Society factsheet outlines the causes, symptoms and treatments available for vascular dementia.
  • Sight, perception and hallucinations in dementiaOctober 20 2012This Alzheimer's Society factsheet considers some specific difficulties that people with dementia can have with sight, perception and hallucinations, and suggests ways to support them.
  • The later stages of dementiaMarch 7 2012During the later stages of dementia most people will become increasingly frail due to the progression of the illness. They will also gradually become dependent on others for all of their care.
  • Women and dementia: A marginalised majorityMarch 8 2015This report published by Alzheimer's Research UK reveals that dementia has become the leading cause of death among British women and that women are far more likely to end up as carers of those with dementia than men, suffering physical and emotional stress and job losses in the process.
  • Delirium awareness videoMarch 4 2018Delirium in older adults often goes unrecognised by health care professionals and can be poorly managed. This video was produced with the aim of improving recognition and management of delirium in any healthcare setting.
  • A Guide to Respite for People Affected by DementiaNovember 26 2018This guide gives carers and people living with dementia the information they need when considering respite, to help them to explore respite alternatives, and sets out their rights.
  • Dementia Friends – bookcase analogyOctober 16 2018In this film Natalie Rodriguez, Dementia Friends Champion, uses a bookcase analogy to describe how dementia may affect a person. This simple explanation, orginally devised by Dr Gemma Jones, can be helpful for Dementia Friends Champions to explain dementia to others.
  • Guidelines for Helping the Confused Older PersonMay 16 2019These guidelines are designed to help someone be able to provide assistance to an older person experiencing confusion or the cognitive changes associated with dementia although may prove useful for any age group with dementia.
  • UnforgettableApril 4 2019Unforgettable.org is a website offering advice and community as well as products to help improve the lives of people with dementia. It provides some interesting blogs of people's experiences with dementia including real stories and diaries.
  • Useful Apps for Dementia Patients & CarersApril 25 2019There are many apps available that can be downloaded to a smartphone or tablet  that could be beneficial to people with dementia. Apps are available for daily aid, memory training, relaxation, care giver information and games.
  • Gwent Access to AdvocacyAugust 30 2019Gwent Access to Advocacy GATA provides a single point of access for advocacy services in Gwent covering Blaenau Gwent, Caerphilly, Monmouthshire and Torfaen. (For Newport contact Dewis Centre for Independent Living (CIL))
  • Caring for someone with dementiaNovember 20 2019Caring for someone with dementia is a comprehensive booklet published by Age UK, whose network includes Age Cymru in Wales.
  • Living with early-stage dementiaLiving with early-stage dementia is a comprehensive guide published by Age UK, also known as Age Cymru in Wales.
  • Dementia Action Plan for Wales 2018 – 2022The Welsh government have adopted the Dementia Action Plan for Wales 2018 - 2022, with Vaughan Gething, Cabinet Secretary for Health and Social Services, stating that,  "Our vision is for Wales to be a dementia friendly nation that recognises the rights of people with dementia to feel valued and to live as independently as possible in their communities."
  • The Many Faces of DementiaSeptember 9 2019This online course enables you to gain a unique insight into dementia through the stories, symptoms and science behind four less common diagnoses of dementia, the people involved and the implications of these for our wider understanding.
  • Torfaen Memory Assessment ServiceDecember 10 2019Torfaen Memory Clinic is a team of healthcare professionals based at Ty Sirol Unit, County Hospital who assess, support, advise and provide treatment for people with memory problems and dementia.
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